Presentations

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Title Author Year Topic Description Country Type
Asia’s Economic Transformation: Where to, How, and How Fast? Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2013 Special Chapter Jesus Felipe, Advisor, Economics and Research Department, Asian Development Bank 2013 Economy, Key Indicators, Economic Transformation Development is about the structural transformation of the economy—the transfer of workers into sectors of higher productivity and upgrading of production and exports. While Asia has done well during the last four decades, outcomes vary widely, with fast structural transformation in some countries and very slow progress in others. Regional Powerpoint Presentation
Innovation: Opportunities & Challenges for Emerging Asia Poh Kam Wong, Professor, NUS Business School, Director, NUS Entrepreneurship 2013 Innovation, Economic development, National Innovation System, Multination Corporations (MNCs), Research and Development (R&D) Various facets of innovation and stages of technological capability that allow innovation to prosper are presented. It also explains that innovation has been a critical determinant of economic growth of countries and the international competitiveness of firms and industries. Regional Powerpoint Presentation
Inclusive Growth In India: Retrospect and Prospect Rathin Roy, Director, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy 2013 Inclusive Growth, Progress, poverty From the Philippines’ 30 years of growth experience, the key requirements for inclusion are the need for high and sustained growth; poverty reduction and social protection programs; and more proactive programs that encourage greater capital expansion through technological and industrial upgrading, and structural transformation for creating more and better jobs. Philippines Powerpoint Presentation
Inclusive Growth in Vietnam Tran Kim Chung, Vice President, Central Institute for Economic Management 2013 Inequality, inclusive growth, fiscal measures, poverty Viet Nam is one the most successful countries in achieving poverty reduction. Its priorities include raising productivity; supporting labor-intensive manufacturing; facilitating labor mobility by reducing barriers to migration and providing equal access to social services; and investing in health and education for the poor and low-income earners. Viet Nam Powerpoint Presentation
Support for Asian Think Tank Network Dongxiang Li, Advisor Knowledge Sharing & Services Center, Regional & Sustainable Development Department , Asian Development Bank 2013 Asian Think Tanks, Network, knowledge sharing Establishing the ADB–Asian Think Tank Network can enhance systematic knowledge sharing among, and strengthen the capacity of, think tanks in the region. Targeted participants are primarily economic-development-oriented think tanks in ADB’s developing member countries. Initially, ADB will play the role of lead organizer, financier, facilitator, and secretariat. Regional Powerpoint Presentation
Confronting Rising Inequality in Asia and the Pacific Juzhong Zhuang, Deputy Chief Economist, Economics and Research Department, Asian Development Bank 2013 Inequality, inclusive growth, fiscal measures, poverty While high growth has led to a large reduction in poverty in the region, it was accompanied by rising inequality in many countries. Indeed, income inequality has widened in 12 countries that account for over 80% of Asia’s total population. Regional Powerpoint Presentation
Thailand’s Innovation System Nonarit Bisonyabut , Thailand Development Research Institute Foundation 2013 Innovation, middle-income trap, Research and Development (R&D) Briefly describing the economic growth of Thailand, the country’s development policy has lifted 70%–80% of the Thai population out of poverty. To address its low research and development (R&D) efficiency, Thailand had redesigned its incentive package to focus on promising R&D areas. Thailand Powerpoint Presentation
Malaysia’s Challenges and Opportunities in Scaling Up Innovation Zakariah Abdul Rashid, Malaysian Institute of Economic Research 2013 Innovation, Ecosystem, Research and Development (R&D) Malaysia is promoting an innovation culture by encouraging collaboration between private companies and public research institutions. This includes providing research grants and tax relief. To further improve the country’s innovation capacity, Malaysia is shaping a supportive ecosystem which focuses on building human capital and improving physical infrastructure. Malaysia Powerpoint Presentation
Investing for Shared Growth: Korean Experiences in Rural Development and Education Sector Taejong Kim, KDI School of Public Policy and Management 2013 Rural Development, Education, Saemaul Undong, Shared growth Due to its Saemaul Undong program, there is no significant disparity between rural household incomes and urban household incomes. Republic of Korea practice co-sharing between the national government and the community in funding projects. Prioritization of education is also one of the pillars of its shared rapid economic growth. Korea Powerpoint Presentation
Inclusion and Inclusive Growth Policies for a Prosperous Indonesia Carunia Mulya Firdausy, National Centre for Economic Research, Indonesian Institute of Sciences 2013 Poverty, Employment, Education, Health, Social Protection Indonesian government policies and strategies to promote inclusion and inclusive are classified into four clusters. For successful implementation of these inclusive growth strategies, the following are essential: (i) greater attention to the outreach of the programs, (ii) deeper consideration of program impacts, and (iii) good governance. Indonesia Powerpoint Presentation
Inclusive Growth in Asia: Pakistan’s Experience Hassan Nawaz Tarar, Secretary, Ministry of Planning and Development, Government of Pakistan 2013 Inclusive Growth, Vision 2025, Economic growth Poverty and growth in Pakistan do not indicate a consistent trend. The decline in poverty incidence is attributed to the various safety net programs implemented, which often involved direct cash transfers, such as the Benazir income support program, public works program, and employee old-age benefit program targeting various sectors. Pakistan Powerpoint Presentation
Towards an Inclusive & Innovative India Radhicka Kapoor, Consultant, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations 2013 Innovation, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Gross Expenditure on R&D(GERD) Government of India has declared 2010−2020 as the Decade of Innovation, with focus on inclusive growth. Inclusive innovation can enable India to become a rich source of solutions for developing nations across the globe. India aspires not only to be a knowledge-producing economy but also to have a knowledge-sharing society. India Powerpoint Presentation
Country Presentation of Nepal on Inclusion Ram Chandra Dhakal, Ph.D., Executive Director, Centre for Economic Development and Administration, Tribhuvan University 2013 Gross Domestic Product (GDP), poverty, Employment Nepal has been successful in lowering its poverty rate from 78.2% in 1985 to 23.8% in 2013. The country’s income Gini coefficient also went down to 32.8 in 2010. The country is confident that it will achieve its Millennium Development Goal of reducing extreme poverty by half. Nepal Powerpoint Presentation

Research Papers

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Title Author Year Topic Description Country
A Case for Emerging Mega Economies Rathin Roy, Director, National Institute for Public Finance Policy 2014 Fiscal Policy, Inclusive Growth, Fiscal Space The paper will analyze emerging economies India, China, Indonesia, Brazil and Turkey, to: a) identify role of fiscal policy in securing inclusive growth, and b) assess the extent to which stability policies deployed during and after the 2008 crisis minimized the impact of the crisis on the inclusive growth objectives. India
Alternative Measure of Poverty in Indonesia Carunia Mulya Hamid Firdausy, Director, National Research Centre for Economics, LIPI 2014 Poverty The official absolute poverty line in Indonesia has been criticized in recent years, mainly due to the much higher proportion of people who claimed to be poor than the government’s estimated statistical number. Thus, the study will examine alternative ways or methods to measure the incidence of poverty in Indonesia. Indonesia
Creating Jobs in India’s Organised Manufacturing Sector Radhicka Kapoor, Consultant, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations 2014 Innovation, Employment, Manufacturing Sector, Productivity Over the last three decades, the services sector rather than the manufacturing sector has contributed to India’s high GDP growth. The research paper aims to identify the appropriate policy responses to achieve India’s objective of creating productive employment in the manufacturing sector in the 21st century. India
Economic Structure and Regional Institutions: A Political Economic Analysis of TPP and RECP Xiaoming Huang, Professor and Director, New Zealand Contemporary China Research Centre 2014 Innovation, economic structure, development, economic structure, regional institutions The paper will investigate East Asian economic finterests and relations and how they shape regional economic structure and institutions. The aim is to better understand the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, its implications and impacts on economic growth and development in the future. Regional
Effective Social Protection for a Transforming Economy and Society of Uzbekistan Kamila Mukhamedkhanova, Researcher, Center for Economic Research 2014 social protection, transformation The research will develop recommendations to improve the model of social protection in line with and to provide incentives for acceleration of transformation processes in the economy, society and institutions in the long-term perspective. Uzbekistan
Enjoying the Fruits of their Labor: Redirecting Exports to Asian Consumers Willem Thorbecke, Senior Fellow, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry 2014 Production networks; Gravity models; Consumption The paper will investigate whether Asian countries are importing fewer final consumption goods than is expected. The research will use the gravity model to estimate bilateral trade flows. Traditional gravity models posit that bilateral trade is directly proportional to GDP and inversely proportional to the distance between the two countries. Regional
An Exploratory Cross-Country Analysis of the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Propensity and Income Inequality Poh Kam Wong, Director, NUS Entrepreneurship Centre and Professor, NUS Business School 2014 Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Propensity, New Firm Entry, Income, Inequality, Income Distribution, Developing Economies This study, combining Kirznerian and Schumpeterian views of entrepreneurship, illustrates the opposing income-distributive effects of new firm entry. It found income inequality (measured by Gini coefficient) to increase with the rate of new firm entry, the effect being mitigated by rising national income. Policy implications for developing economies are discussed. Singapore
Industrial policies to escape from the middle income trap: cases of Uruguay and Malaysia Alibek Konkakov, Analyst, Economic Research Institute 2014 Middle-income-trap, innovation The study will provide comparative analysis of innovation and industrial policies in Uruguay and Malaysia to fragmentise the elements of successful policies against the middle-income trap phenomenon. The paper is expected to provide policy recommendations on selecting the right policies to escape from middle income trap. Malaysia and Uruguay
Opportunities and Challenges of Lao PDR’s Integration into ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by and after 2015 Leeber Leebouapao, Director General, National Economic Research Institute 2014 Processing trade, Employment The questions to be addressed are: how much of non-agriculture jobs are created by processing trade? What are the impacts of processing trade on labor? What are the labor-related problems in processing trade? Analysis will be based on statistics, questionnaires and field investigations. Lao PDR
Does Innovation Mediate Good Firm Performance? Gilberto Llanto, President, Philippine Institute of Development Studies 2014 Innovation, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), firm performance The paper examines the relationship between firms’ innovations and performance. Using data from a 2014 Metro Manila survey, the study classifies firms in to large, small and medium and micro-enterprises and determines the factors that lead firms to innovate and show the impact of innovations on firm performance. Philippines
Malaysia's Structural Impediment in Pursuit to High-Income Status: Decomposition Analysis of Output Growth, 1991-2005 Zakariah Bin Abdul Rashid, Executive Director, Malaysian Institute for Economic Research 2014 Economic Transformation Program (ETP), New Economic Model (NEM), Growth Malaysia aspires to be a developed country in 2020. Given uncertainty in the external environment and present technological structure, the aspiration offers a great challenge. The economy has to transform structurally and technologically apart from a massive investment plan, drafted by planners formally known as the Economic Transformation Program. Malaysia
Social Protection For Small-Scale Agriculture – Evidences from Viet Nam Tran Kim Chung, Vice President, Central Institute for Economic Management 2014 Poverty, social protection, agriculture The objective is to assesss the potential contribution of addressing vulnerability and/or poverty in the agriculture sector of Viet Nam. Community-based evidence on social protection system in agriculture to help the national governments in strengthening the existing social protection measures and fill implementation gaps will be provided. Viet Nam
The Impact of Remittance on Poverty and Inequality: Evidence Using Data on Labour Migration in Nepal Ram Chandra Dhakal, Executive Director, Centre for Economic Development and Administration, Tribhuvan University 2014 consumption function, labor migration, remittance, poverty and inequality The paper will examine capital accumulation, spending pattern, and the correlation between remittance and other factors. It will look into the positive and negative impacts of remittance on poverty and inequality based on the nature of internal and external migration process, among others. Nepal
The Rural Non-farm Economy, Livelihood Strategies and Household Welfare in Rural Pakistan Shujaat Farooq, Researcher Economist, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics 2014 farm economy, livelihood strategies, Poverty, rural non-farm economy, Household Welfare The study will analyze the diversification of resources on household welfare to highlight key issues and importance of rural non-farm economy and rural development in Pakistan. The analysis on the performance of rural non-farm economy will help policy and decision makers to improve rural non-farm economy and rural development. Pakistan